DISLOCATION OF THE SHOULDER This is the commonest joint in the human body to dislocate. It occurs more commonly in adults, and is rare in children. Anterior dislocation is far more common than posterior dislocation. Shoulder instability: This is a Read more
Definition of ventilators Ventilators are the devices used for artificial ventilators. Indications Respiratory failure Crush injuries of the chest, severe, scoliosis, major surgery Muscular cases like tetanus, Myasthenia gravis, Muscular dystrophy Pulmonary: Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Chronic obstrctive pulmonary disease, Read more
Scoliosis A lateral curvature of the spine which exceeds by 10 degrees from the normal is termed as scoliosis. Types It is basically of two types:They are: Postural or Non-structural scoliosis Structural scoliosis. Postural or Non-structural Scoliosis This is Grade Read more
Chronic Compartmental syndrome is a pretibial pain induced by exercise seen in the anterior compartment of the leg in athlete’s. If the compartmental pressure is more than 15 mm Hg at rest, more than 30 mm Hg diring exercise and more than 20 mm Hg for 5 minutes after exercise, chronic Compartmental syndrome is suspected. Due to the herniation of fat or muscle through the fascial defect, a soft tissue mass is seen in the anterolateral aspect of the lower third of the leg. The patient is instructed to alter or decrease the level of activity, if no relief is forthcoming surgical decompression is indicated.
MUSCLES OF THE UPPER LIMB 1. Pectoralis minor Origin: Anterior surface of rib 3-5 Insertion: Coracoid process (scapula) Action: Protracts/ depress scapula Nerve supply: Pectoral nerves 2. Pectoralis major Origin: Sternum/ clavicle/ ribs Read more